The Importance of Job Safety Analysis
There is always a risk of injury is most construction and heavy industry projects. With the use of standard procedures and good work practices, risk can be reduced and controlled but not completely eliminated. Risk can also be accepted as a normal part of doing a job. You need to ask the question of how much risk you and your employees are willing to accept.
Every day and with every task, there is risk. Your exposure to risk determines risk. Risk is the possibility that something bad is going to happen with severe outcome. There are daily risks to every decision we make. One important question we need to ask is if we understand the risk and are we willing to accept it.
It is the function of management to control risk. In order to understand risk and keep it in an acceptable level, there are good tools that can be used. The tool used for this purpose is the job safety analysis tool.
The ones who can control risk are the people doing the work their supervisors. It is important to make sure that all who need to be involved are given an opportunity to be involved and are kept informed of developments that might increase the risks and change the measures needed to deal with them, in both the planning and execution of a task.
Hazards are known by workers but they are not reported. Existing hazards are known by workers which was found out during incident investigations. Workers kept quiet about it thinking that hazard was normal and risk was acceptable. How, then, can workers help reduce risk.
The difference in risk perception and the level of risk tolerance is the main thing that complicates communication of risk in a construction site. With job safety analysis, the communication process can be improved and documented which will ensure the mutual understanding of risks and controls by all those involved.
Job safety analysis is an important part of the risk management process in heavy industry. This management tool helps to reduce the level of risk to the lowest possible acceptable level by making team members interact and develop a common understanding of the task, procedures, and hazards associated with completing the job.
The quality of information on the document and the level of input by workers involved is affected by the kind of perception of the job safety analysis as a planning tool by the person completing it.
Willingness of employees to communicate and control risk is influenced by the amount of trust given to individuals and internal power relations. Communication can be influenced by other personal factors including personal experience, risk assessment, and individual perception of a particular risk with respect to other people on the team or in the area. Ultimately, the goal is to finish the project on time and under budget with nobody getting hurt.